1.Normal Skin Type
Those with a normal skin type don’t generally describe their skin as oily or dry. When oiliness and dryness are present, it’s rare and tends to be easy to get rid of or resolve. When it comes to pore size, normal skin types feature small pores that are not engorged or easily visible. Normal skin doesn’t normally have a great excess of shine, and it also doesn’t tend to be cracked or flaky. Normal skin types usually exhibit few fine lines and wrinkles, and the skin’s tone is generally even, with no marked blemishes.
Normal skin is not a synonym for perfect skin and even those who characterize their skin as normal deal with the occasional blemish or other skin issues. It’s important to remember that skin changes over time as well, meaning those that have no skin problems currently could potentially develop issues with age and life events, including pregnancy and menopause. If your hormone levels change for any reason, or you happen to use a product that your skin is sensitive to, you may experience a hormonal acne breakout.
Those with a normal skin type should use products that don’t make their skin feel overly greasy and avoid products that cause excessive dryness. While normal skin types require less maintenance than other skin types, it’s important to remain consistent with a regular skin care regimen .
2.Dry Skin Type
If you have dry skin, you may feel a tightness in your skin. There may also be scaly patches or flaking. Those with dry skin types generally have almost invisible pores, and may suffer from premature wrinkles and regular irritation to the skin.
What Causes Dry Skin?
The cause of dry skin can be attributed to a variety of factors. For some, dry skin is hereditary, as genetic predispositions can affect the amount of sebum produced in the skin’s oil glands. Sebum is responsible for keeping our skin soft and supple.
Many assume that dry skin is due to a lack of moisture, but the water content of dry skin is generally found in similar levels to that of oily skin. Adding water to dry skin is actually counterproductive to treating this skin condition.
The Importance of Moisturizer for Dry Skin
Finding a moisturizer that helps replenish your skin is essential. It’s important to keep up with a regular skin care regimen. Those with dry skin often suffer from slight allergic reactions and tend to benefit from creams instead of lotions when it comes to moisturizers, as they contain more oil, making it thicker and more moisturizing. The more oil found in a moisturizer, the better it can absorb throughout the epidermis’ barriers to help hydrate the tissue. Before adding a daily moisturizer to your routine, test it on a small portion of your skin to ensure you don’t have an allergic reaction.
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Avoid Harsh Cleansers
Those with dry skin are generally advised to avoid benzoyl peroxide treatments, which negatively affect sebum production.
Can Drinking Water Hydrate My Skin?
While drinking enough water is important for holistic health, the pervasive myth that increasing your water intake can improve your skin is actually a fallacy. Drinking more water doesn’t improve dry skin, but ensuring your body is as healthy as possible can, so it’s important to drink the recommended amount of water each day.
Lifestyle and Habit Changes
From showering too often to using humidifiers, there are simple changes you can make in your everyday life to ensure your dry skin gets the attention and care it needs.
- Showering Concerns
Avoid taking long, extremely hot showers. Hot water can actually strip the oil from your skin and spending prolonged periods of time under the water can dry it out even further. Save water and your skin by limiting yourself to 5-minute showers and only using lukewarm to warm water.A Case for Humidifiers
While many think of humidifiers when it comes to improving congestion from allergies or illness, these devices can actually benefit your skin. If you live in dry conditions, whether year-round or seasonally, supplementing the moisture in the air can help your skin remain soft and supple. Be sure to replace the water in your humidifier every day so mold and bacteria don’t have the chance to grow.
When Dry Skin Is Something More
Sometimes dry skin is the indication of an underlying condition, so if you notice a great deal of redness, flaking, or irritation, it’s important to talk to a doctor or dermatologist to rule out any of the following skin conditions:
This skin condition is characterized by scaly, red rashes that may or may not be itchy. Breakouts of this condition can be found all over the body, but like acne, tend to be found on areas that are saturated with oil glands. You may find that your scalp and eyebrows show more dandruff, and there may be scaliness present on the sides of your nose.
Allergic Contact Dermatitis
Sometimes dry skin is simply an allergic reaction to an outside substance, which could be something naturally occurring like poison ivy or may be caused by medications and other topical skin care applications.
If you notice a great deal of dry skin on your foot, whether that be on the soles or in between your toes, it may be an indication of athlete’s foot. This condition is typical of athletes (hence the name) because of their propensity to sweat heavily while wearing constricting footwear. Usually, your foot will exhibit a scaly rash that may burn, itch, or sting. This type of skin fungus is very contagious, and can be spread through clothing, towels or contaminated floors, like the floor of a locker room. This can easily be treated with antifungal medication, but it is highly likely to recur if conditions remain the same.
Eczema, also known as Atopic Dermatitis, is often hereditary and can last for years. It’s commonly observed on children, but adults can experience symptoms of this condition as well. This skin condition affects anywhere from 9 to 30 percent of the United States population, but those who live in dry climates tend to be more likely to develop it. For some, it disappears, while others struggle with this condition their entire lives.
3.Oily Skin Type
Those with oily skin tend to notice a great deal of shine on their face, and may deal with terrible acne breakouts.
What Causes Oily Skin?
Oily skin is the result of both genetic factors and hormonal changes experienced in an individual’s lifetime. Those with a genetic predisposition to active oil glands produce a higher amount of sebum, an oily substance created to help keep the skin soft and hydrated. This oil flows from inside the epidermis to the surface of the skin through pores and hair follicles. When the body experiences a fluctuation in hormone levels, it signals the production of androgens, a male hormone present in both men and women.
The production of androgens stimulates an increase in sebum production, but when an excess of this oil is produced, it can expand the size of the skin’s pores and result in blockages that become pimples and other acne blemishes. Oily skin is more prone to acne breakouts, blackheads, whiteheads, and pustules or papules. Your pores may be more visible because of their size expansion, and your skin may appear greasy throughout the day. If you wear makeup, you may find it slides off quite easily.
How to Care for Oily Skin
It’s important to lightly exfoliate oily skin, as the buildup of oil can cause dead skin cells to become trapped in the pores and lead to acne blemishes.
Oily Skin and Acne
Excess sebum production can cause acne, and those with oily skin often struggle with whiteheads, blackheads, and pimples.